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Positional Astronomy Centre, Kolkata
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ECLIPSE EVENTS OF 2019

 In the year 2019, there are three eclipses of the Sun, two eclipses of the Moon and a transit of Mercury.

 

1. January 5-6 ……………………. Partial eclipse of the Sun

2. January 21 …………………….  Total eclipse of the Moon

3. July 2 …..…………….............. Total eclipse of the Sun

4. July 16-17 ............................... Partial eclipse of the Moon

5. November 11 .......................... Transit of Mercury

6. December 26 .......................... Annular eclipse of the Sun
 

1. Partial Eclipse of the Sun; Pausha 15-16, 1940 SE; January 5-6, 2019; Saturday-Sunday


The eclipse is not visible in India.

 

Area of Visibility 

The eclipse is visible in the region covering north eastern China, Mongolia, Japan, eastern Russia, north and westernmost Alaska.

 

 CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal

Time

Indian

 Standard Time

 

d

    h

    m

d

     h

    m

Eclipse begins

5

23

34.3

6

05

04.3

Greatest eclipse*

6

01

41.5

6

07

11.5

Eclipse ends

6

03

48.7

6

09

18.7

 
 

 *Magnitude of the eclipse =0.714


 

 3- Total Eclipse of the Sun; Ashadha 11, 1941 S.E.; July 2, 2019, Tuesday

          

Not visible in India

Area of Visibility 

        

The eclipse is visible in the region covering South America, South Central America and the south Pacific Ocean.


 

  CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal

Time

Indian

 Standard Time

 

d

    h

  m

d

     h

    m

Eclipse begins

2

16

55.3

2

22

25.3

Central eclipse begins

2

18

02.3

2

23

32.3

Greatest eclipse*

2

19

23.0

3

00

53.0

Central eclipse ends

2

20

43.6

3

02

13.6

Eclipse ends

2

21

50.6

3

03

20.6

 

*Magnitude of the eclipse = 1.0456, Maximum duration of total phase = 4 min 38 s

 

 5- Transit of Mercury over the disc of the Sun:  20 Kartika, 1941 SE; November 11, 2019, Monday

          

Not visible in India

Area of Visibility 

The transit of Mercury is visible from Middle East, most of Europe, Africa, southern Greenland, Antarctica, South America, North America (except Alaska), most of Oceania, New Zealand.

The entire transit will be visible from eastern North America, South America, Antarctica, extreme southern Greenland, extreme western Africa and the Atlantic Ocean.
 

  CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal

Time

Indian

 Standard Time

 

d

    h

     m

s

d

     h

      m

    s

Ingress,exterior contact

11

12

35

   27.2

11

18

05

 27.2

Ingress,interior contact

11

12

37

   08.5

11

18

07

 08.5

Least angular Distance*

11

15

19

   48.3

11

20

49

 48.3

Egress, interior contact

11

18

02

   33.3

11

23

32

 33.3

Egress, exterior contact

11

18

04

   14.7

11

23

34

 14.7

 

Least angular distance*  = 1΄ 15˝.9

6- Annular Eclipse of the Sun; Pausha 5, 1941 S.E.; December 26, 2019, Thursday

          

  Visible in India

 

Area of Visibility 

The Eclipse will be visible in the region covering Middle East, North Eastern Africa, Asia except North and Eastern Russia, North and Western Australia, Solomon Island.

 

  CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal

Time

Indian

 Standard Time

 

d

   h

m

d

    h

    m

Eclipse begins

26

02

30.0

26

08

00.0

Central eclipse begins

26

03

36.1

26

09

06.1

Greatest eclipse*

26

05

17.7

26

10

47.7

Central eclipse ends

26

06

59.4

26

12

29.4

Eclipse ends

26

08

05.6

26

13

35.6

 

*Magnitude of the eclipse = 0.969, Maximum duration of Annular  phase =3 min 34 s

 

 PHASES OF ECLIPSE VISIBLE FROM CERTAIN PLACES OF INDIA

 LOCAL CIRCUMSTANCES RELATING TO PLACES FROM WHERE ANNULAR PHASE IS VISIBLE



1- Total Eclipse of the Moon; Magha 1, 1940 SE; January 21, 2019; Monday

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Not visible in India


Area of Visibility 

Eclipse will be visible in the region covering  Middle East, Africa, Europe, the Americas, most of  Oceania, easternmost Russia.

The places from where the beginning of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonset are Namibia, Zambia, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kazakhstan and some part of Russia.

The places from where the ending of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonrise are the South Pacific Ocean, the North Pacific Ocean and easternmost part of Russia.

 

 CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE 

 

 

Universal

Time

Indian

 Standard Time

 

d

 h

m

d

 h

 m

Moon enters penumbra

21

02

35.2

21

08

05.2

Moon enters umbra

21

03

33.7

21

09

03.7

Moon enters Totality

21

04

40.9

21

10

10.9

Middle of the eclipse*

21

05

12.4

21

10

42.4

Moon leaves Totality

21

05

43.8

21

11

13.8

Moon leaves umbra

21

06

51.0

21

12

21.0

Moon leaves penumbra

21

07

49.5

21

13

29.5

 

*Magnitude of the eclipse =1.201 (Moon’s diam =1.0). Distance between the centers at middle 1355''.7

 Radius of shadow cone at Moon’s distance: Penumbra 4749".6, Umbra 2760''.1  

 

4- Partial Eclipse of the Moon; Ashadha 25-26, 1941 S.E.; July 16-17, 2019; Tuesday-Wednesday

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Visible in India

 
Area of Visibility 

Eclipse will be visible in the region covering Australasia, Asia except north east, Africa, Europe except northern most Scandinavia, most of South America.

The places from where the beginning of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonset are some part of  New Zealand, eastern part of Australia, South Korea, North Korea, northeastern part of China and some part of Russia.

The places from where the ending of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonrise are Argentina,  Chile, Bolivia, western  part of Brazil, Peru and North Atlantic Ocean.

Visibility in India : The eclipse is visible from beginning to end from all places of India except extreme from north eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.

 

 CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

 

 

Universal

Time

 

Indian

 Standard Time

 
 

 

d

h

m

d

h

  m

 

 

Moon enters penumbra

21

02

35.2

21

08

05.2

 

 

Moon enters umbra

21

03

33.7

21

09

03.7

 

 

Moon enters Totality

21

04

40.9

21

10

10.9

 

 

Middle of the eclipse*

21

05

12.4

21

10

42.4

 

 

Moon leaves Totality

21

05

43.8

21

11

13.8

 

 

Moon leaves umbra

21

06

51.0

21

12

21.0

 

 

Moon leaves penumbra

21

07

49.5

21

13

29.5

 

 

 

*Magnitude of the eclipse =1.201 (Moon’s diam =1.0). Distance between the centers at middle 1355''.7

 Radius of shadow cone at Moon’s distance: Penumbra 4749".6, Umbra 2760''.1